জাহাঙ্গীরনগর বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়

সালঃ 2012

B ইউনিট


জাহাঙ্গীরনগর বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় B ইউনিট এর প্রশ্নপত্র এবং সমাধান: 2012 সালে জাহাঙ্গীরনগর বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় B ইউনিট ভর্তি পরীক্ষায় আসা সকল প্রশ্নপত্র এবং এর ব্যাখ্যা সহ সমাধান। এছাড়া এখন ঘরে বসে অনলাইনেই পূর্ণাঙ্গ ভর্তি প্রস্তুতির এবং মডেল টেস্ট দেওয়ার সুব্যবস্থা।

  A three day seminar

  A three day workshop

  A three day training session

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



Question 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 are based on the following reading.

Dhaka city management (DCM) reform project was undertaken jointly by Bangladesh Center for Advanced Studies and Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee in collaboration with Asian Development Bank. It was aimed at clearing awareness and support among st stakeholders for management reforms in the city government of Dhaka. The project utilized a participatory approach by involving the — city administration, service providers, policy makers, citizens, community organizers and the media. A series ০f workshops were hosted by the Dhaka City Corporation to develop a broad action plan. Additionally, a survey of consumers of City services was undertaken to determine access to services, satisfaction,  levels and user charges. The final event included a three day workshop attended by, among st others, the mayors of Dhaka, Khulna, Chittagong, Rajshahi and Kolkata, The Participates presented a number of action plans
 regarding services delivery that were truly Innovative.

  Bangladesh Center for Advanced Studies

  Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committec

  Asian Development Bank

  All of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Manage reforms in the city government

  Develop participatory approach

  Party with city dwellers

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  City administration

  JICA

  Media

  Service providers


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Policy makers

  Government branche

  Dhaka City Corporation

  Community organizations


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Access to services

  Satisfaction levels

  Size of the city

  User charges


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



Question 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 are based on the following reading.

The concept of city management is perceived differently according to the background and experience of the observer. One common element however, is the importance of the political arena in the management of chilies. Beyond this common element, interpretations of city management vary considerably To some the concept is seen as public management. To’ others, it means growth management, organization management and so on. However, the key concern is coordination. In a large city there are a number of factors, dimensions, concerns, parties, institutions and interests-each of which has to be coordinated in proper direction.

  Observer’s background

  Observer’s experience

  City management

  All of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Background

  Experience

  a and b

  none of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  As a common element

  As a crucial element

  As a general element

  As an element of less importance


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  . Growth management

  Organization management

  Public management

  All of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  City management

  Importance of political arena

  Parties

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Coordination

  Cooperation

  A&B

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



Question 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 are based on the following reading.

Cities are managed by elected politicians and appointed officials or professionals. Often, there are basic contradictions between legitimate interests of the two groups. Because politicians are responsible to the electorate, they must have the means to carry out the policies they have promised to pursue. In particular, they must be able to hire and trust professionals who will implement there policies and to terminate them if need be. Professionals who work in municipal administration, on the other hand must enjoy a certain degree of independence as will as a large degree of tenure security. Otherwise, municipal administration will never be able to attract people with high caliber. There is no simple set of rules to solve this contradiction. More so the roles of professionals in city management vary from country to country.

  Community groups

  None of the above

  Appointed officials or professionals

  Non-professionals


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Legitimate interests

  Vested interests

  None of the above

  A & B


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Politicians

  A & C

  Appointed officials of professionals

  An engineer


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  These will lose money

  These will not be able to attract high caliber

  The politicians will be compelled to resign from

  A & B


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  True

  Irrelevant

  None of the above

  False


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Relationship between engineers and doctors

  Relationship between politicians and appointed officials or professionals

  Relationship between ministers

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



Question 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 and 24 are based on the following reading.

Managing a mega city is a very difficult task, mostly because of the conflicting interests among the various political Organizations, pressure groups and sect oral priorities in the organization itself. Besides, most city organizations have large staff. Therefore, the personnel management of the organization is crucial to the success of the professional managers in city management. How ever, the best persons are not always recruited for managing a city’s affairs. Employees are often recruited because of their loyalty to various political and pressure groups This makes the organization suffer and the civic services deteriorate, Here remains the importance of professional city management, They can motivate the workers with their care and delicate handing, improve the technical skills through training and application of modern technology in day- to day functions,  

  Importance of professional city managers in improving day-to-day functions of mega citric

  Importance of doctors in Improving day-to-day functions of mega cities

  Importance of police force in improving day-to- day functions of mega cities

  Importance of engineers in improving day-to-day functions of mega cities


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  The various political organizations

  The various pressure groups

  The various sect oral priorities

  All of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  the success of professional managers

  The various success of pressure groups

  the success of political organizations

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Loyalty to various charities

  Loyalty to various political and pressure groups

  Loyalty to various business groups

  Loyalty to various citizen groups


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Procurement of below standard equipment

  Recruitment of below standard officials

  Procurement of too many vehicles

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Through care and delicate handling

  Through Training

  Through application of modern technology

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



Question 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30 are based on the following reading.

Dhaka, with a population of about 15 million,generates a massive quantity of waste everyday from various sources. According to .urban Local Body. Ordinance of 1997, DCC. (currently DSCC and DNCC) is responsible for collection, transportation and treatment of solid wastes in Dhaka city. Because of resource constraints and many other seasons, DCC in generalhas not been able to provide satisfactory waste management system in Dhaka. In most of the arcas of Dhaka city, solid waste has become a Serious problem with health and hygiene consequences for city dwellers. In many areas, people have come forward to manage solid wastes by themselves. IC is worth of noting here that major source of solid) waste in Dhaka are Residences, streets, markets, commercial establishments and hospitals. At present Dhaka city generates 6.5007000 tones of waste per day.  

  About 150 million

  About 1.5 million

  About 0.15 million

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  DCC

  DNCC and DSCC

  A & B

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Political reasons/ constraints

  Resource constraints

  Election process

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Serious engineering consequences

  Serious health and hygiene consequences

  Serious political consequences

  none of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Residences

  Streets

  Schools

  Markets


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  3,500-4.000 tones per day

  9,500— 10.000 tones per day

  12.500-13.000 tones per day

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



Question 31, 32, 33, 34, 35 and 36 are based on the following reading.

For the millions of rural people in Bangladesh Dhaka remains an attractive destination. Compared to other Places in the country, it offers the best chance of economic opportunity. Anyone can make some kind of a living in Dhaka. It rarely takes more than 2 to 3 days to start earning. The kinship network among the migrant poor is the major key to these phenomena. Though mostly unskilled, Dhaka’s seemingly unlimited supply of cheap labor, especially women, has in recent years been a boon for export oriented industrial growth and other activities. The working class in Dhaka ts remarkable for it ingenuity, innovation and technology adaptation. The poor and the other class have : demonstrated_enormous capacity for small trade and  commercial entrepreneurs

  Opportunities

  Positivist

  A&B

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  It offers the best chance for economic opportunities

  It offers the best foods in the country

  It offers the best environment in the country

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  7 days

  5-7 days

  2-3 days

  1-2 days


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Professional network among migrant poor

  kinship network among the migrant poor

  Electronic network among the migrant poor

  None of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Unlimited supply of unskilled, cheap labour

  Unlimited supply of unskilled, cheap especially

  Unlimited supply of money

  Unlimited supply of entrepreneurs


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।



  Ingenuity

  Technological/ adaptation

  Innovation

  All of the above


ব্যাখ্যা সংযোজন করা হয় নাই।